Diabetes in India
Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world and it often runs in families, one generation after the other. “According to the Diabetes Atlas of 2009, there were 50.8 million people with diabetes in India. In just two years, this figure has gone up by 12 million. Obviously, diabetes in India is progressing exponentially. Also, we see that it has shifted to the 25-34 years age group,” ICMR-INDIALAB study 2011. This study revealed that today India leads the world with its largest number of diabetic people in any given country. The type 2 diabetes accounts for over 90-95% of diabetic people. It is becoming a fast spreading menace to humanity, particularly Kerala. Its reported that one among every three Keralites is a diabetic patient. One third of these people take insulin injection daily to manage their diabetes. Not much research is done to measure the impact of our changing food habits in increasing the diabetic level.
Rice and Atta are the main dish of Indians and for most of us, our daily 3 meals pattern is based mainly on rice or atta based dishes. Restriction on food by doctors comes first on rice and then atta based food in the case of Diabetic patients. No wonder, a food of high glycemic value gets restricted first. The Glycemic Index (GI) of normal rice is 70 to 85 and that of atta is 65-80. Some variants of rice has Glycemic Index up to even 95. Since being the main source of carbohydrates, the Glycemic index of the food plays a vital role in increasing the sugar level of diabetic patients.